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Understanding Action Filters in ASP.NET MVC

iFour Team - November 03, 2020

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Understanding Action Filters in ASP.NET MVC

ASP.NET MVC filter are usedto inject extra logic in different levels of MVC Framework request processing. Filter provides a way for cross-cutting concerns (logging, authorization, and caching).

Table of Content

Filters is a custom class and can write custom logic to execute before or after in action method executes. Filter can be applied to the action method or controller in a declarative or programmatic way. There is a declarative means by apply in a filter attribute to the action method or controller class and programmatic means by implementing in corresponding interface.

 

Types of Filters in ASP.NET MVC

There are five types of Filters in ASP.NET MVC

 

Authorization Filter

The authentication filter runs before any other filter or action method. The authentication confirms that if you are a valid or invalid user. Action filters implement the IAuthenticationFilter interface.

Authorization Filter

The AuthorizeAttribute and RequireHttpsAttribute is example of Authorization Filters. The Authorization Filters are responsible for checking User Access. These implement the IAuthorizationFilterinterface in the framework. This filter is used to implement authentication and authorization for controller actions.Example of the Authorize filter is an example of an Authorization filter.

Result Filters

The result filters arean example of outputCacheAttribute class.The implementation of IResultFilter interface which looks like the IActionFilter has OnResultExecuting and OnResultExecuted. The filter contains in logic that is executed before and after a view result is executed. If you want to modify a view result and right before the view is rendered to the browser.

ExceptionFilters

The HandleErrorAttribute class is an example of ExceptionFilters. The implementation of IExceptionFilter interface and they execute if there are any unhandled exceptions thrown during the execution pipeline. This filter can be used as an exception filter to handle errors raised by either your controller actions or controller action results

 

Action Filters

There is an action filter are attribute that you can apply to a controller action or an entire controller. This filter will call on before and after the action starts executing and after the action has executed.

Action filters implement the IActionFilter interface in two methods OnActionExecutingandOnActionExecuted. First method is OnActionExecutingwhich runs before the Action and gives an opportunity to cancel the Action call. This filter contains a logic that is executed before and after a controller action executes, you can use an action filter, for instance, to modify the view data that a controller action return.

Action filterexecutes before and after an action method executes. Action filter attribute can be applied to individual action method or to a controller. It is applied to a controller and to all the controller's action methods.

Action filters are the custom classes that allows you to inject pre or post processing logic before the action method gets executed. It can be created by inheriting a class with actionFilterAttribute and can override any of the action method.

An action filter is an attribute that you can apply to a controller action or an entire controller that modifies the way in which the action is execute. TheASP.NETMVC framework includes several action filters

  • HandleError

  • Outputcache

  • Authorize

You can override the methods in your controller class.

Filter type Implemented by
Authentication filter IAuthenticationFilter
Authorization filter IAuthorizationFilter
Action filter IActionFilter
Result filter IResultFilter
Exception filter IExceptionFilter

Creating a Simple Action Filter Example in Asp.Net MVC project

Step 1: -Open visual studio and click on File ->New->Project menu option

A new Project Dialog open.

 
Simpleaction

Step 2: -In the left pane, select templates ->visualC# ->Web

Step 3: -Then, select ASP.NET WEB Application (.NET Framework)

Step 4: -Enter project name ActionFilterDemo in the Name Field and click ok to continue and you will see the dialog.

Simpleactionselect

Step 5: -Select MVC option and check the MVC checkbox then click Ok

Example of HandleError in Action Filters

HandleError: - Handles error raised when a controller action is executed. ASP .NET MVC has a HandleError Attribute (Action Filter), which provides one of the simplest ways to handle errors. The Attribute of HandleError has a couple of properties which are useful in handling an exception and help in modifying the default behavior of HandleError Attribute

Step 1: - I have create anActionFilterDemo project. Then select a View in shared Folder ->Error.cshtml. Error.cshtml file Use in ActionFilterdemo project

HandleError

Step 2: - To add controller,Right-click on the controller folder in the solution explorer and select ADD -> Controller It will display the Add Scaffold dialog.

step 3: - Select the MVC 5 Controller -> Empty option and click on ADD button The Add controller dialog will show

Usercontrol

Step 4: - set the Name to UserController and click on add button

Usercontroladd

CacheController.cs

The CacheController specifies the return value in 10 seconds

 
namespaceActionFilterDemo.Controllers
{
  publicclassCacheController : Controller
    {
    // GET: Cache
        [OutputCache(Duration =10)]
publicstringIndex()
        {
      returnDateTime.Now.ToString();
        }
    }
}
				
				

Now Run in ActionFilterDemoProject. It will be display output in Outputcache

OutputCache

Searching for Dedicated ASP.Net Web Developer? Your Search ends here.

Example of Authorize in Action Filters

Authorize: - Enables you to restrict access to a particular user or role. All the action methods are accessible to the both anonymous and authenticated users. But, the action methods to be available only for authenticated and authorized users, then you need to use the AuthorizationFilter in MVC.

Step 1: -To add controller, Right-click on the controller folder in the solution explorer and select ADD -> Controller. It will display the Add Scaffold dialog.

step 2: - select the MVC 5 Controller -> Empty option and click on ADD button

Step 3: - set the Name to AuthorizeController and click on add button

AuthorizeController

AuthorizeController.cs

The Authorized allows only authorized users to log in the application.

namespaceActionFilterDemo.Controllers
{
publicclassAuthorizeController : Controller
    {
// GET: Authorize
  publicActionResultIndex()
        {
      returnView();
        }
        [Authorize]
  publicActionResultSaved()
        {
      returnView();
        }
        [AllowAnonymous]
  publicActionResultNot_saved()
        {
      returnView();
        }
  publicActionResultLogin()
        {
      returnView();
        }
  }
}
	

Create a View

Right-click on the Method ?Add View.

Createview

We haveCreated a Saved, Not Save and Login Empty View in Authorize Folder.

Login.cshtml

In Views/Authorize/login.cshtml, replace the contents of the file with the following code to replace the text about ASP.NET and MVC with text about this application.



    
    
    
    
      
    
  

Now Run ActionFilterDemo Project. The Output of Login Page then write a Url in Authorize/Save. Redirect to save Method.It will be display output in Authorize.

ActionfilterDemo
ActionfilterDemo1

 

Conclusion

This blog depicts about action filters which wraps the action method execution. It is an additional processing, such as providing extra data to the action method, inspecting the return value, or cancelling execution of the action method.

Understanding Action Filters in ASP.NET MVC ASP.NET MVC filter are usedto inject extra logic in different levels of MVC Framework request processing. Filter provides a way for cross-cutting concerns (logging, authorization, and caching). Table of Content 1. Types of Filters in ASP.NET MVC 1.1. Authorization Filter 1.2. Authorization Filter 1.3.Result Filters 1.4.ExceptionFilters 1.5.Action Filters 2.Conclusion Filters is a custom class and can write custom logic to execute before or after in action method executes. Filter can be applied to the action method or controller in a declarative or programmatic way. There is a declarative means by apply in a filter attribute to the action method or controller class and programmatic means by implementing in corresponding interface.   Types of Filters in ASP.NET MVC There are five types of Filters in ASP.NET MVC   Authorization Filter The authentication filter runs before any other filter or action method. The authentication confirms that if you are a valid or invalid user. Action filters implement the IAuthenticationFilter interface. Authorization Filter The AuthorizeAttribute and RequireHttpsAttribute is example of Authorization Filters. The Authorization Filters are responsible for checking User Access. These implement the IAuthorizationFilterinterface in the framework. This filter is used to implement authentication and authorization for controller actions.Example of the Authorize filter is an example of an Authorization filter. Result Filters The result filters arean example of outputCacheAttribute class.The implementation of IResultFilter interface which looks like the IActionFilter has OnResultExecuting and OnResultExecuted. The filter contains in logic that is executed before and after a view result is executed. If you want to modify a view result and right before the view is rendered to the browser. ExceptionFilters The HandleErrorAttribute class is an example of ExceptionFilters. The implementation of IExceptionFilter interface and they execute if there are any unhandled exceptions thrown during the execution pipeline. This filter can be used as an exception filter to handle errors raised by either your controller actions or controller action results Read More: What Is Cross-site Request Forgery (Csrf) In Asp.net Web Applications?   Action Filters There is an action filter are attribute that you can apply to a controller action or an entire controller. This filter will call on before and after the action starts executing and after the action has executed. Action filters implement the IActionFilter interface in two methods OnActionExecutingandOnActionExecuted. First method is OnActionExecutingwhich runs before the Action and gives an opportunity to cancel the Action call. This filter contains a logic that is executed before and after a controller action executes, you can use an action filter, for instance, to modify the view data that a controller action return. Action filterexecutes before and after an action method executes. Action filter attribute can be applied to individual action method or to a controller. It is applied to a controller and to all the controller's action methods. Action filters are the custom classes that allows you to inject pre or post processing logic before the action method gets executed. It can be created by inheriting a class with actionFilterAttribute and can override any of the action method. An action filter is an attribute that you can apply to a controller action or an entire controller that modifies the way in which the action is execute. TheASP.NETMVC framework includes several action filters HandleError Outputcache Authorize You can override the methods in your controller class. Filter type Implemented by Authentication filter IAuthenticationFilter Authorization filter IAuthorizationFilter Action filter IActionFilter Result filter IResultFilter Exception filter IExceptionFilter Creating a Simple Action Filter Example in Asp.Net MVC project Step 1: -Open visual studio and click on File ->New->Project menu option A new Project Dialog open.   Step 2: -In the left pane, select templates ->visualC# ->Web Step 3: -Then, select ASP.NET WEB Application (.NET Framework) Step 4: -Enter project name ActionFilterDemo in the Name Field and click ok to continue and you will see the dialog. Step 5: -Select MVC option and check the MVC checkbox then click Ok Example of HandleError in Action Filters HandleError: - Handles error raised when a controller action is executed. ASP .NET MVC has a HandleError Attribute (Action Filter), which provides one of the simplest ways to handle errors. The Attribute of HandleError has a couple of properties which are useful in handling an exception and help in modifying the default behavior of HandleError Attribute Step 1: - I have create anActionFilterDemo project. Then select a View in shared Folder ->Error.cshtml. Error.cshtml file Use in ActionFilterdemo project Step 2: - To add controller,Right-click on the controller folder in the solution explorer and select ADD -> Controller It will display the Add Scaffold dialog. step 3: - Select the MVC 5 Controller -> Empty option and click on ADD button The Add controller dialog will show Step 4: - set the Name to UserController and click on add button CacheController.cs The CacheController specifies the return value in 10 seconds   namespaceActionFilterDemo.Controllers { publicclassCacheController : Controller { // GET: Cache [OutputCache(Duration =10)] publicstringIndex() { returnDateTime.Now.ToString(); } } } Now Run in ActionFilterDemoProject. It will be display output in Outputcache Searching for Dedicated ASP.Net Web Developer? Your Search ends here. See here Example of Authorize in Action Filters Authorize: - Enables you to restrict access to a particular user or role. All the action methods are accessible to the both anonymous and authenticated users. But, the action methods to be available only for authenticated and authorized users, then you need to use the AuthorizationFilter in MVC. Step 1: -To add controller, Right-click on the controller folder in the solution explorer and select ADD -> Controller. It will display the Add Scaffold dialog. step 2: - select the MVC 5 Controller -> Empty option and click on ADD button Step 3: - set the Name to AuthorizeController and click on add button AuthorizeController.cs The Authorized allows only authorized users to log in the application. namespaceActionFilterDemo.Controllers { publicclassAuthorizeController : Controller { // GET: Authorize publicActionResultIndex() { returnView(); } [Authorize] publicActionResultSaved() { returnView(); } [AllowAnonymous] publicActionResultNot_saved() { returnView(); } publicActionResultLogin() { returnView(); } } } Create a View Right-click on the Method ?Add View. We haveCreated a Saved, Not Save and Login Empty View in Authorize Folder. Login.cshtml In Views/Authorize/login.cshtml, replace the contents of the file with the following code to replace the text about ASP.NET and MVC with text about this application. Now Run ActionFilterDemo Project. The Output of Login Page then write a Url in Authorize/Save. Redirect to save Method.It will be display output in Authorize.   Conclusion This blog depicts about action filters which wraps the action method execution. It is an additional processing, such as providing extra data to the action method, inspecting the return value, or cancelling execution of the action method.

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