Web accessibility means building websites that work for all people, regardless of their abilities or disabilities. Some common accessibility requirements include:
- Text alternatives for images and multimedia - To aid blind users using screen readers.
- Captions for audio and video content - For deaf and hard-of-hearing users
- Keyboard compatibility - To aid users with limited mobility
- Color contrast - To help visually impaired users
- Clear semantics and structure - To help screen reader navigation
- Focus indication - To help keyboard navigation
- Add ARIA roles, states, and properties to elements to improve semantics
- Create toggles to turn animations on/off for users with cognitive disabilities
- Dynamically change color contrast based on user preferences
- Expand all collapsible elements for motor-impaired users
- Implement skip navigation links to allow keyboard users to skip repetitive elements
- Automatically add image descriptions and captions
- And much more!
What Are Types Of Web Accessibility?
Some common categories of web accessibility requirements include:
Visual - We know how important Visual representation is. Therefore, navigating the site with visuals makes a lot of sense. People with visual impairments like color blindness, low vision, or complete blindness can understand it easily.
Motor - The site may be accessed with little or no intervention of mouse kind of devices. Assistive technologies and keyboard navigation are supported.
Auditory - Site content (information) that is available with captions or in audio formats can help deaf or hard-of-hearing users.
Cognitive - The design and navigation of your website should be simple and intuitive to help users with cognitive limitations or learning disabilities.
Seizures - Flashing, strobing, or blinking material is intended to reduce the risk of seizures in users.
Understandable - The content (text) on your website should be clear, and concise. Use proper images, icons, and illustrations for better understanding.
Robust - Your website should support various browsers and assistive technologies such as screen readers. This makes it more powerful.
What are the types of Web Security?
There are different types of web security and the most common ones include:
Network security : Protect your website from unauthorized attacks or access over the network. To do this, you may use various approaches, like firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and VPNs (virtual private networks).
Application security : This includes protecting your website's software applications against flaws that attackers may exploit. This may be accomplished by adhering to best practices in custom software development, such as input validation and secure code.
Cloud security : This involves securing your website if it is hosted on a cloud platform. This can be done by following the cloud provider's security recommendations and using cloud security solutions such as cloud access security brokers (CASBs) and cloud security posture management (CSPM) tools.
Information security : Protecting your website's sensitive data from unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, or destruction is important no matter it is in custom software development or any other field. This can be done using encryption, access control, and data loss prevention (DLP) solutions.
Internet of Things (IoT) security : This involves securing your website and its connected devices from IoT-specific threats. This can be done by following best practices in IoT security, such as using strong passwords and keeping devices up to date with the latest security patches.
2. Ensure Keyboard Accessibility : All interactive components should be operable solely with the keyboard in a logical tab order. Allow tabbing navigation, use buttons for actions, and add keyboard shortcuts.
3. Accommodate Screen Readers : Visually hide things, but not from screen readers. ARIA roles can aid in conveying message. Avoid using JS that alters or removes text.
4. Allow Text Resizing : Stop using fixed pixel sizes for font sizes. Use relative units like as EM or percentages to allow text to scale higher.
6. Design for Seizure Disorders :Some animations and flashing content can induce seizures. Avoid this or offer a reduced motion mode.
For example, you may improve the security of your website by using methods like as input validation, Content Security Policy (CSP), and error handling. Using HTTPS is also required to secure the privacy of user data.
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Dynamically change color contrast - detect low contrast text and automatically adjust colors to meet WCAG standards.
Automatically add image descriptions - use JS to read image alt text and insert screen reader-only descriptions after each image.
Create toggles for animations - allow users to toggle off animations and transitions with a simple JS-powered UI control.
Build custom scrollbars - replace default browser scrollbars with larger, easier to click scrollbars.
Add skip navigation links - use JS to insert in-page jump links that allow keyboard users to skip repetitive content.
Expand all collapsible sections - convert accordion elements into an “open by default” state for motor impaired users.
Modify tables for screen readers - add ARIA roles and properties to data tables to make them friendlier for navigation.
Create an accessibility help page - use JS to build a custom page with accessibility options like high contrast mode, larger fonts, reading aids and more.
Validate User Input : Always validate and sanitize any user input before using it. This prevents XSS attacks like injecting malicious code.
Use Escaping Libraries : Escape untrusted output before adding it to the DOM. Libraries like DOMPurify can handle this automatically.
Follow Content Security Policy : Implement CSP headers to control what resources the browser can load for a given page. This prevents XSS.
Use Subresource Integrity : SRI allows verifying the integrity of externally hosted JS files. This guarantees no unauthorized code gets executed.
Enable Browser Security Features : Make use of built-in browser security features like CORS and Trusted Types which help prevent DOM XSS attacks.